EFFECT OF MALARIA INCIDENCE ON MAIZE FARMING HOUSEHOLDS’ PRODUCTIVITY IN IDAH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KOGI STATE, NIGERIA
Keywords:Malaria Incidence, Productivity, Maize Farmers, Kogi State, Nigeria
The study examined the effect of malaria incidence on farming households` maize productivity in Idah Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria. Primary data was used to achieve the research objectives. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting 120 respondents. Structured questionnaire was used to collect the required data. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Ordinary least square regressions. Results from the findings showed that 77.5% of the respondents were male with a mean age of 50 years. The respondents had a mean household size of 9 members and 47.50% of the respondents have access to credit facilities. The results showed that bushes (77.5%), house close to river (45.83%), work when it is sunny (45.83), house close to stagnant water (40.0%) were the factors responsible for malaria incidence. Headache (92.5%), body pain (89.17%), tiredness (82.50%), heat (81.67%), coldness (67.5%) were the common malaria symptoms among the farming households in the study area. OLS multiple regression showed that day’s incapacitation (β=-254.1) and frequency of malaria illness were significant (β=-1214.2) both statistically significant at 1%. The study concluded that malaria incidence had significant effect on maize productivity in the study area. The study recommends that farmers should be encouraged to keep their surrounding clean in order to avoid breeding of mosquitoes. Medication that can reduce the days of incapacitation should be made available to farmers at affordable prices in order to improve the quality of life and farmers’ productivity.
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