TECHNICAL, ALLOCATIVE AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF IRRIGATED UPLAND TOMATO (Lycopersicon esculentum) PRODUCTION, IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA

Authors

  • Makka, T. B.
  • Murtala, N.
  • Idi, S.
  • Haruna, U.

Keywords:

Tomato, farmers, Efficiency, Gombe state

Abstract

The study examined the technical, allocative and economic efficiency of irrigated upland tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) production, in Gombe State, Nigeria. Multi-stage random sampling procedure was used to select 459 respondents. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result revealed that, the technical efficiency of the farmer is below 1, implying that the farmers in dry season tomato in Gombe State are operating below their production efficiency frontier with a reasonable proportion of 32.97% of the respondents having technical efficiency index within the range interval of 0.41 - 0.60 with the maximum value of 0.99 for the most efficient farmers and minimum or less value of 0.10 for the least or worst farmers. The result of allocative efficiency revealed that, the mean was 0.73 for the dry season tomato farming, meaning that the farmers were 73% allocatively efficient in the production of tomato. The finding also showed a mean economic efficiency level of 0.73, the less efficiency farmers had 0.31 while the maximum and high-level farmers had 0.95. The result further revealed that, fertilizer (r= 0.2822), pesticides (r= 0.4083) and labour (manday) (r= 0.7632) were over utilized while seed/seedling (r= 1.2517) and herbicide (r= 1.3054) were under-utilized. The elasticity for all farms categories indicates that the respondents allocated their resources in a rational stage of production (Stage II) where diminishing return to scale existed. It is concluded that respondents are operating below their production efficiency and the elasticity for all farms categories indicates that the respondents allocated their resources in a rational stage of production (Stage II) where diminishing return to scale existed while fertilizer, labour and pesticide were over utilized. The study recommended that, farmers should manage their farm resources wisely this can be achieved by building their capacity on farm resource management, efforts should also be made to improve access to adequate water for irrigation purposes and insecurity issues can be overcome by collective efforts of the community, government, NGO and capable individuals.

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Published

2024-04-16

How to Cite

Makka, T. B., Murtala, N., Idi, S., & Haruna, U. (2024). TECHNICAL, ALLOCATIVE AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF IRRIGATED UPLAND TOMATO (Lycopersicon esculentum) PRODUCTION, IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, 4(1), 208–215. Retrieved from https://njaat.atbu.edu.ng/index.php/njaat/article/view/644

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